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2024 January Semester
Dec 08, 2023
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GEOG 101 - Planet Earth
This course examines pressing global issues such as how 10 billion people will live in a world of finite resources, increasing mobility, and rising inequality. Students learn about core human geography concepts as a means to make sense of humanity’s place in the world. This examination includes the multifaceted ways in which human societies inhabit and transform the Earth’s natural environments, the interconnectedness of places and different ways in which societies respond to widespread challenges.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video

GEOG 102 - Earth from Above
This course explores the earth from above, through the eyes of satellites, aircraft, and drones. We have the unique ability to see our planet from different angles and perspectives. When viewed from above, patterns, processes, systems, and human/environmental change on the surface of the planet become highly visible. This course is delivered through lectures and in-class tutorials. Topics include: oceans, rivers, and lakes; landscapes, mountains, and snow and ice; forests and ecosystems; weather and climate; and urban and industrial activity.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Laboratory

GEOG 111 - Earth and Environment
This course introduces students to the theory and practice of environmental science and physical geography; provides an opportunity for students to meet faculty and peers from the Department of Geography, Earth, and Environmental Science; and builds a foundation for their academic careers. Students are exposed to a wide range of topics through seminars, invited talks from industry professionals, short assignments, and field trips. This course is graded on a PASS/FAIL basis.
Credits: 1.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Seminar

GEOG 200 - British Columbia: People and Places
This course provides an introduction to the biophysical and human landscapes of British Columbia with a special emphasis on the relationship of Northern BC to the rest of the province. This course takes a regional approach to understanding the links between the physical geography of the province and its settlement patterns, resource use and economic development.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video

GEOG 202 - Resources, Economies, and Sustainability
Natural resources continue to play a vital role in the global economy. British Columbia is a resource-exporting economy within that global marketplace. With a focus on both renewable and non-renewable resources, this course examines economic, community, and environmental issues that complicate debates about development, conservation, and sustainability.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 203 - Canada: Places, Cultures and Identities
This course examines Canada’s peoples and diverse environments, emphasizing dynamic identities and relationships. Students consider Indigenous and non-Indigenous identities, immigration to Canada, Canadian cultures, conflicts, symbols, and trends. We focus on patterns of changes in Canada, and future possibilities for Canadian society.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 204 - Introduction to GIS
This lab-based course provides an introduction to the data management and analysis capabilities of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and provides a foundation in GIS. Topics include: geospatial data sources, input, attributes, formats, and conversions; projections and coordinate systems; and raster and vector analysis. This course combines data and common practices from natural resource management and social sciences, and has a project component.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory, Tutorial

GEOG 205 - Cartography and Geomatics
This course examines mapping techniques and thematic layers, using GIS software in the labs. Topics include coordinate systems, symbolization, terrain depiction and visualization, aerial photography, satellite images and Global Positioning Systems (GPS). It introduces students to the world of maps and top Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology.

Please note: You must register separately in lecture and lab components.


Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory
All Sections for this Course

GEOG 206 - Social Geography
This course critically examines the ways in which social relations, identities, and inequalities are produced, their spatial variation, and the role of space and place in constructing them. Geographic dimensions of various facets of identity (such as gender, ethnicity, "race," class, sexuality, and ability) and the theoretical frameworks that geographers use to analyze them are emphasized.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Tutorial

GEOG 209 - Migration and Development
Urbanization, globalization, and international migration are dynamic processes changing our social and physical spaces. This course examines global migration processes and the settlement form and organization resulting from migration, refugee movements, and globalization. Analysts and policy makers often overlook the links between migration and its impacts on and potential for development. In this course, we explore these links, recognizing migrant contributions in countries of origin, transit and destination.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 210 - Introduction to Earth Science
Discover the nature and formation of Earth's surface, environments, and landforms. Concepts and methods used to understand landscapes, and monitor Earth processes are demonstrated through lectures and labs. Topics include: Earth's surface materials and their interaction with the environment; landforms; weathering; slope movement; and the erosional and depositional effects of gravity, wind, water, waves, and ice.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory

GEOG 211 - Natural Hazards: Human and Environmental Dimensions
With a focus upon natural hazards, this course examines the relationship between human activity and the natural environments in which they occur. The course introduces students to the Earth's physical processes and explores why these processes create risks for people and settlements. Students identify which regions of the world are at greatest risk for a variety of natural hazard types, and how humans can mitigate the loss of life and property.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 220 - World Regions: Latin America and the Caribbean
Struggles for land, labour, and resources are central themes in Latin America and the Caribbean. We examine this diverse region as a landscape of inequality with extremes in poverty and wealth dating from the European invasion. Uneven development across time and space is characterized by growing hunger, narco-trafficking, agro-exports, resource extraction, organized crime, undocumented migration, and environmental degradation, as well as resilience and grassroots mobilization for positive change.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 224 - World Regions: Inuit Nunangat
This course examines the evolution of Inuit Nunangat, the Inuit homeland in the Canadian Arctic, from its early occupation to the present. Social, economic, political, and other issues of concern to Inuit are examined. We use historical, political, ecological, and geographical approaches to understand how Inuit Nunangat came to be, and to analyze the processes that affect this unique region.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 225 - Global Environmental Change
Global environmental sustainability is one of the monumental challenges of our modern world. In this course, students tackle two central questions: What is global-to-local environmental sustainability, and how can we achieve it? A problem-solving approach is emphasized, especially regarding the interaction between science and public policy. Sustainability issues are investigated theoretically and through specific case studies.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 250 - Introduction to Geospatial Analysis
Geospatial analysis through coding provides the means to address critical questions about our world in an objective and automated way. Large spatial datasets obtained from remote sensing and geophysical models require specialized analytic tools. This course introduces students to geospatial datasets including visualization and analysis techniques using the Python coding language.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory, Tutorial

GEOG 298 - Special Topics
The course will enable students at the lower division to take courses in topics and areas of special interest based on availability of faculty (including visiting scholars, post-doctoral fellows). The course may be used to enable students still completing their first 60 credit hours of study to participate in selected Geography Field Schools.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Final Exam, Laboratory

GEOG 300 - Intermediate GIS
This lab-based course builds on the fundamentals of GIS and covers a variety of spatial analysis and data management topics including vector and raster analysis; network analysis; data structures and formats; creation and management of personal spatial databases; and an introduction to scripting, modelling, and web mapping. A broad range of thematic areas (natural resources, earth science, urban and human environments) are covered. There is a project component to the course.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory, Tutorial
All Sections for this Course

GEOG 301 - Cultural Geography
Cultural products, such as music, cuisine, language, and religion, have spatial expressions. Through cultural norms, products and activities, we create places and construct landscapes. This course examines the influence of power relations, cultural imperialism, globalization, and cultural resistances on the human organization of space and on how people engage with place. This is a writing-intensive course, emphasizing improvement of upper-division level written communication through iterative editing.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video

GEOG 305 - Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making
From the local to the global, we examine geopolitics and power relations of resource use, conservation, environmental knowledge production, policy, and decision-making. Using theory and case studies from geography and political ecology, we investigate access, power, and ownership related to resource use and environmental discourses.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video

GEOG 306 - Critical Development Geographies
Using examples from “the local to the global,” this course investigates mainstream and critical international development theory and practice to re-think the ways in which ‘development’ has been understood and to highlight geographical perspectives in formulating new and more critical theoretical understandings. The course focuses on the links between the Global North and South to investigate development theory and practice. We use international case studies to provide context-specific, gender-differentiated information about global inequality, debt, foreign aid, disasters and displacement.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Final Exam, Audio/Video

GEOG 307 - Changing Arctic: Human and Environmental Systems
Climate change, energy securit, globalization, pollution, and self-determination in the Arctic are major issues that confront both Arctic societies and the world at large. This course examines the cultural, economic, environmental, political and social dimensions of sustainable development in the Circumpolar North through a geographic lens.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video

GEOG 308 - Health Geography
This course examines the importance of place to individual and collective experiences of health and health care.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 310 - Hydrology
This course is an introduction to physical hydrology. It examines the components of the hydrological cycle, and investigates the processes of water movement and storage in the environment.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory
All Sections for this Course

GEOG 311 - Drainage Basin Geomorphology
This course focuses on hillslope and fluvial processes in drainage basins. Laboratory exercises introduce quantitative methods to understand patterns of sediment production, movement, and storage in mountain watersheds.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory
All Sections for this Course

GEOG 315 - Earth’s Critical Zone
This course examines the Earth’s critical zone, which is a dynamic and evolving system that encompasses the region of the Earth where rocks, soils, and groundwater interact with living organisms and lower atmospheric conditions to regulate life on the planet. Processes and pathways linking climatology, hydrology, soil science, ecology, and geomorphology are examined and used to evaluate natural and anthropogenic impacts (land use change, resource development, climate change) which regulate and modify conditions in the critical zone.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Seminar

GEOG 324 - Community-Based Research
This course provides an intellectual and practical foundation in community-based research approaches. Using a mix of seminar and practical instruction, students will learn about the varieties of collaborative practice involving community-based partners in each stage of research from preliminary negotiations to the presentation of results. The course prepares students for the opportunities and challenges of conducting social science research in the field.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Final Exam, Laboratory, Seminar

GEOG 333 - Geography Field School
Students apply field methods in physical and/or human geography towards an integrated study of local and global environments. Note: When this course is offered with predominantly human geography content, APEGBC will not consider it suitable for a Professional Geoscience credit.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Field Camp, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory, Tutorial

GEOG 357 - Introduction to Remote Sensing
This course covers digital processing of satellite imagery and integration with raster and vector GIS technology in natural resources and remote sensing of the environment. Topics include sensor platforms and data collection, pre-processing, enhancement, classification, change detection, multi-data integration and vectorization.

Please note: You must register separately in lecture and lab components.


Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory, Tutorial

GEOG 401 - Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography
This course examines global resources and their role in questions of conservation and economic development. Emphasis is placed on global and international resource issues and the role of public policy.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Final Exam, Audio/Video

GEOG 403 - Indigenous Geographies of Climate Resilience
This seminar course examines the resilience of Indigenous peoples to environmental change, highlighting the interconnected roles of place, agency, collective action, knowledge, and learning in adaptation. Theories of vulnerability, cultural adaptation, and resilience will be discussed, drawing on community-led case studies from Indigenous peoples globally.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 405 - Fluvial Geomorphology
This course investigates river channel morphometry and landforms developed by running water and focuses on the physical processes and techniques of measurement.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory

GEOG 411 - Quaternary and Surficial Geology
This course examines geomorphic processes and environmental change in BC during the last two million years of Earth's history.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory

GEOG 413 - Advanced GIS
This lab- and project-based course expands on the GIS skills acquired in GEOG 300-3. Topics include: enterprise level data management; multi-user versioning; project management; 3D geo-visualization; and web mapping. Marketable advanced GIS skills are taught through a range of subject areas, and members of the GIS community provide hands-on experience and exposure to industry practices.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory, Tutorial

GEOG 416 - Mountains
With a focus on the environment and society tradition in geography, this course explores the diversity and distribution of mountain environments, the physical processes that shape them, and the role played by humans in their exploitation, modification and preservation.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture

GEOG 420 - Environmental Justice
This course examines environmental injustices in North American and international contexts. We consider cases of environmental racism and responses to injustices (activism; scholarship; policy) related to the following: resource extraction; industrial processes; waste disposal; basic services and quality of life; and tourism.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Final Exam

GEOG 424 - Northern Communities
Dramatic change and transition are re-shaping rural and small town communities. Drawing examples from northern British Columbia, this advanced seminar course examines a range of economic, social, and community issues, and includes a broad class-based project examining a different northern community each year.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Final Exam

GEOG 426 - Geographies of Culture, Rights and Power
This seminar examines geographical approaches to culture, rights, and power as they relate to issues of political violence experienced by Indigenous Peoples, labour organizations, and social movements. Primary geographical focus is on the Mesoamerican region, particularily Guatemala, El Salvador, and Chiapas, Mexico. Implications for Canada and the United States are explored through consideration of refugee movements, foreign policy, and grassroots solidarity organizing.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Audio/Video, Field Camp, Seminar, World Wide Web

GEOG 430 - Undergraduate Thesis
Student must have completed at least 90 credit hours of study and be a Geography major. The thesis may be taken in one or two semesters in the senior year.
Credits: 3.000 TO 6.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Undergrad Thesis

GEOG 440 - Internship
May be repeated for credit (maximum 6 credit hours).
Credits: 2.000 TO 6.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Internship

GEOG 450 - Advanced Geospatial Analysis
Students work with and analyze large geospatial remotely-sensed datasets learning and using advanced Python functional programming. In addition to laboratory exercises, students participate in a weekly seminar to critically evaluate research on geospatial algorithms and analyses. Students work together to use geospatial analyses to solve a problem relevant to non-academic stakeholders.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory

GEOG 457 - Advanced Remote Sensing
This project-oriented course focuses on advanced classification procedures incorporating digital elevation data, fuzzy and object-oriented classification, and new millenium data sources including ASTER, RADAR, MODIS, LiDAR and high-resolution scenes. Repeat imagery is used to assess local and global changes in land cover, oceanic, atmospheric and/or cryospheric environments.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory
All Sections for this Course

GEOG 498 - Special Topics
May be repeated for credit (maximum 3 credit hours)
Credits: 0.000 TO 3.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Final Exam, Field Camp, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory, Tutorial

GEOG 499 - Independent Studies
Concentration on a particular topic agreed upon by a member of the faculty and the student (maximum 6 credit hours).
Credits: 3.000 TO 6.000

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory

GEOG 601 - Resource Geography
This course examines global resources and their role in questions of conservation and economic development. Emphasis is placed on global and international resource issues and the role of public policy.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 603 - Indigenous Geographies of Climate Resilience
This graduate seminar examines the resilience of Indigenous peoples to environmental change, highlighting the interconnected roles of place, agency, collective action, knowledge, and learning in adaptation. Theories of vulnerability, cultural adaptation, and resilience will be discussed, drawing on community-led case studies from Indigenous peoples globally.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam

GEOG 605 - Fluvial Geomorphology
This course investigates river channel morphometry and landforms developed by running water, and focuses on the physical processes and techniques of measurement.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory

GEOG 611 - Quaternary and Surficial Geology
This course examines geomorphic processes and environmental change in BC during the last two million years of Earth's history.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory

GEOG 613 - Advanced GIS
This course covers the use of remote sensing and satellite imagery in GIS: including scene correction, enhancement and time comparison. This course will deal with advanced GIS and mapping techniques, concentrating on northern British Columbia.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Graduate, Doctoral
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory, Tutorial

GEOG 616 - Mountains
With a focus on the environment and society tradition in geography, this course explores the diversity and distribution of mountain environments, the physical processes that shape them, and the role played by humans in their exploitation, modification and preservation.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture

GEOG 620 - Environmental Justice
This course examines environmental injustices in North American and international contexts. We consider cases of environmental racism and responses to injustices (activism; scholarship; policy) related to the following: resource extraction; industrial processes; waste disposal; basic services and quality of life; and tourism.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed, Final Exam

GEOG 624 - Northern Communities
Dramatic change and transition are re-shaping rural and small town communities. Drawing examples from northern British Columbia, this advanced seminar course examines a range of economic, social, and community issues, and includes a broad class-based project examining a different northern community each year.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Self-Directed

GEOG 626 - Geographies of Culture, Rights & Power
This seminar examines geographical approaches to culture, rights and power as they relate to issues of political violence experienced by indigenous peoples, labour organizations, and social movements. Primary geographical focus is on the Mesoamerican region, particularily Guatemala, El Salvador, and Chiapas, Mexico. Implications for Canada and the United States are explored through refugee movements, foreign policy, and grassroots solidarity organizing.
Credits: 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Field Camp, Seminar

GEOG 650 - Advanced Geospatial Analysis
Students work with and analyze large geospatial remotely-sensed datasets learning and using advanced Python functional programming. In addition to laboratory exercises, students participate in a weekly seminar to critically evaluate research on geospatial algorithms and analyses. Students work together to use geospatial analyses to solve a problem relevant to non-academic stakeholders.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory

GEOG 657 - Advanced Remote Sensing
This project-oriented course focuses on advanced classification procedures incorporating digital elevation data, fuzzy and object-oriented classification, and new millennium data sources including ASTER, RADAR, MODIS, LiDAR and high-resolution scenes. Repeat imagery is used to assess local and global changes in land cover, oceanic, atmospheric and/or cryospheric environments. Permission of the instructor required.
Credits: 0.000 OR 3.000

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Lecture, Final Exam, Lec/Lab/Tut Combination, Laboratory
All Sections for this Course


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